Community and Society

Frenchman's Station aka Bermond

Frenchman's Station was located in the center of Dixie Valley (Churchill County), east of the salt flats. The property was originally taken up by a man named Aime "Frenchy" Bermond, a native of France who came to Nevada in 1899. The station, a stage stop and relay point along the freight route between Fallon and the mining camps of Fairview and Wonder, was established in 1904.

Fred Hart

Fred H. Hart is an excellent but lesser-known practitioner of the western journalistic tradition of the humorous literary hoax perfected by Dan De Quille and Mark Twain.

Fort Churchill

Lyon County’s Fort Churchill was founded in July 1860 during the critical period of conflict between Native Americans and newly arrived settlers. Captain Joseph Stewart, recently of Fort Alcatraz, had led forces from California to fight in the second phase of the Pyramid Lake War. He then received orders to establish a fort to protect transcontinental trade and transportation routes as they extended through the western Great Basin.

Folklife of Tribal Groups

The four tribes native to the state of Nevada are the Washoe, the Western Shoshone, the Northern Paiute and the Southern Paiute. In adapting to the extremes of the high desert environment, all of these peoples have developed similar ways of life and cultural forms over the thousands of years they have occupied the Great Basin.


Folklife is the traditional expressive culture shared within groups of people. The definition used in the establishment of the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress in 1976 says, "American folklife is the traditional, expressive, shared culture of various groups in the United States: familial, ethnic, occupational, religious, and regional. Expressive culture includes a wide range of creative and symbolic forms, such as custom, belief, technical skill, language, drama, ritual, architecture, music, play, dance, pageantry, and handicraft.

Florence Shilling McClure

Florence Shilling McClure earned the nickname, "Hurricane Flo" because of her strength and relentless advocacy for women and children in Nevada. McClure is a co-founder of the Las Vegas organization, Community Action Against Rape, and she has also worked to improve conditions for incarcerated women in the state.


Located in Elko County, Wells became a natural rest area for emigrants heading west because of its open meadows and natural well water. The first written report of the area came from a pioneer's journal in 1845. Because the springs, (or "wells") are the source of the Humboldt River, the area was originally dubbed Humboldt Wells. By the 1850s and 1860s, hundreds of covered wagons passed through Humboldt Wells every year.


The city of Fernley owes its existence to the Newlands Project, which began irrigating a small number of farms in an arid region of western Nevada in 1905. The project, which diverted water from the Truckee River, was the first of its kind to be federally funded. The overall success of the endeavor is debatable to this day, but there is no doubt that it gave birth to the town of Fernley.

Fallon Indian Day School

Churchill County, like other counties throughout the West, attempted to comply with federal mandates for Native American education in the early 1900s. Federal policy called for Native American children to be educated in English-speaking schools. The paternalistic goal was to assimilate Native American children into mainstream America. Proponents of the approach maintained that this would provide young American Indians with educational opportunities equal to those available to others.


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